de Thonel A, Ahlskog JK, Daupin K, Dubreuil V, Berthelet J, Chaput C, Pires G, Leonetti C, Abane R, Barris LC, Leray I, Aalto AL, Naceri S, Cordonnier M, Benasolo C, Sanial M, Duchateau A, Vihervaara A, Puustinen MC, Miozzo F, Fergelot P, Lebigot É, Verloes A, Gressens P, Lacombe D, Gobbo J, Garrido C, Westerheide SD, David L, Petitjean M, Taboureau O, Rodrigues-Lima F, Passemard S, Sabéran-Djoneidi D, Nguyen L, Lancaster M, Sistonen L, Mezger V
Nat Commun 13 (1) 7002 [2022-11-16; online 2022-11-16]
Patients carrying autosomal dominant mutations in the histone/lysine acetyl transferases CBP or EP300 develop a neurodevelopmental disorder: Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS). The biological pathways underlying these neurodevelopmental defects remain elusive. Here, we unravel the contribution of a stress-responsive pathway to RSTS. We characterize the structural and functional interaction between CBP/EP300 and heat-shock factor 2 (HSF2), a tuner of brain cortical development and major player in prenatal stress responses in the neocortex: CBP/EP300 acetylates HSF2, leading to the stabilization of the HSF2 protein. Consequently, RSTS patient-derived primary cells show decreased levels of HSF2 and HSF2-dependent alteration in their repertoire of molecular chaperones and stress response. Moreover, we unravel a CBP/EP300-HSF2-N-cadherin cascade that is also active in neurodevelopmental contexts, and show that its deregulation disturbs neuroepithelial integrity in 2D and 3D organoid models of cerebral development, generated from RSTS patient-derived iPSC cells, providing a molecular reading key for this complex pathology.