Pelechano V, Alepuz P
Nucleic Acids Res. 45 (12) 7326-7338 [2017-07-07; online 2017-05-27]
eIF5A is an essential protein involved in protein synthesis, cell proliferation and animal development. High eIF5A expression is observed in many tumor types and has been linked to cancer metastasis. Recent studies have shown that eIF5A facilitates the translation elongation of stretches of consecutive prolines. Activated eIF5A binds to the empty E-site of stalled ribosomes, where it is thought to interact with the peptidyl-tRNA situated at the P-site. Here, we report a genome-wide analysis of ribosome stalling in Saccharomyces cerevisiae eIF5A depleted cells using 5Pseq. We confirm that, in the absence of eIF5A, ribosomes stall at proline stretches, and extend previous studies by identifying eIF5A-dependent ribosome pauses at termination and at >200 tripeptide motifs. We show that presence of proline, glycine and charged amino acids at the peptidyl transferase center and at the beginning of the peptide exit tunnel arrest ribosomes in eIF5A-depleted cells. Lack of eIF5A also renders ribosome accumulation at the stop codons. Our data indicate specific protein functional groups under the control of eIF5A, including ER-coupled translation and GTPases in yeast and cytoskeleton organization, collagen metabolism and cell differentiation in humans. Our results support a broad mRNA-specific role of eIF5A in translation and identify the conserved motifs that affect translation elongation from yeast to humans.