NIPMAP: niche-phenotype mapping of multiplex histology data by community ecology.

El Marrahi A, Lipreri F, Kang Z, Gsell L, Eroglu A, Alber D, Hausser J

Nat Commun 14 (1) 7182 [2023-11-07; online 2023-11-07]

Advances in multiplex histology allow surveying millions of cells, dozens of cell types, and up to thousands of phenotypes within the spatial context of tissue sections. This leads to a combinatorial challenge in (a) summarizing the cellular and phenotypic architecture of tissues and (b) identifying phenotypes with interesting spatial architecture. To address this, we combine ideas from community ecology and machine learning into niche-phenotype mapping (NIPMAP). NIPMAP takes advantage of geometric constraints on local cellular composition imposed by the niche structure of tissues in order to automatically segment tissue sections into niches and their interfaces. Projecting phenotypes on niches and their interfaces identifies previously-reported and previously-unreported spatially-driven phenotypes, concisely summarizes the phenotypic architecture of tissues, and reveals fundamental properties of tissue architecture. NIPMAP is applicable to both protein and RNA multiplex histology of healthy and diseased tissue. An open-source R/Python package implements NIPMAP.

Jean Hausser

SciLifeLab Fellow

PubMed 37935691

DOI 10.1038/s41467-023-42878-z

Crossref 10.1038/s41467-023-42878-z

pmc: PMC10630431
pii: 10.1038/s41467-023-42878-z

Publications 9.5.0