Novel styryl-thiazole hybrids as potential anti-Alzheimer's agents.

Gouleni N, Di Rienzo A, Yılmaz A, Selvitopi H, Arslan ME, Mardinoglu A, Turkez H, Di Stefano A, Vassiliou S, Cacciatore I

RSC Med Chem 14 (11) 2315-2326 [2023-11-15; online 2023-09-21]

In this study, combining the thiazole and cinnamoyl groups into the styryl-thiazole scaffold, a series of novel styryl-thiazole hybrids (6a-p) was rationally designed, synthesized, and evaluated by the multi-target-directed ligands strategy as potential candidates for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hybrids 6e and 6i are the most promising among the synthesized hybrids since they are able to significantly increase cell viabilities in Aβ1-42-exposed-human neuroblastoma cell line (6i at the concentration of 50 μg mL-1 and 6e at the concentration of 25 μg mL-1 resulted in ∼34% and ∼30% increase in cell viabilities, respectively). Compounds 6e and 6i exhibit highly AChE inhibitory properties in the experimental AD model at 375.6 ± 18.425 mU mL-1 and 397.6 ± 32.152 mU mL-1, respectively. Moreover, these data were also confirmed by docking studies and in vitro enzyme inhibition assays. Compared to hybrid 6e and according to the results, 6i also has the highest potential against Aβ1-42 aggregation with over 80% preventive activity. The in silico prediction of the physicochemical properties confirms that 6i possesses a better profile compared to 6e. Therefore, compound 6i presents a promising multi-targeted active molecular profile for treating AD considering the multifactorial nature of AD, and it is reasonable to deepen its mechanisms of action in an in vivo experimental model of AD.

Adil Mardinoglu

SciLifeLab Fellow

PubMed 38020070

DOI 10.1039/d3md00308f

Crossref 10.1039/d3md00308f

pmc: PMC10650344
pii: d3md00308f

Publications 9.5.0