Eakins R, Walsh J, Randle L, Jenkins RE, Schuppe-Koistinen I, Rowe C, Starkey Lewis P, Vasieva O, Prats N, Brillant N, Auli M, Bayliss M, Webb S, Rees JA, Kitteringham NR, Goldring CE, Park BK
Sci Rep 5 (-) 16423 [2015-11-26; online 2015-11-26]
Acetaminophen overdose is the leading cause of acute liver failure. One dose of 10-15 g causes severe liver damage in humans, whereas repeated exposure to acetaminophen in humans and animal models results in autoprotection. Insight of this process is limited to select proteins implicated in acetaminophen toxicity and cellular defence. Here we investigate hepatic adaptation to acetaminophen toxicity from a whole proteome perspective, using quantitative mass spectrometry. In a rat model, we show the response to acetaminophen involves the expression of 30% of all proteins detected in the liver. Genetic ablation of a master regulator of cellular defence, NFE2L2, has little effect, suggesting redundancy in the regulation of adaptation. We show that adaptation to acetaminophen has a spatial component, involving a shift in regionalisation of CYP2E1, which may prevent toxicity thresholds being reached. These data reveal unexpected complexity and dynamic behaviour in the biological response to drug-induced liver injury.