Tumor suppressor PNRC1 blocks rRNA maturation by recruiting the decapping complex to the nucleolus.

Gaviraghi M, Vivori C, Pareja Sanchez Y, Invernizzi F, Cattaneo A, Santoliquido BM, Frenquelli M, Segalla S, Bachi A, Doglioni C, Pelechano V, Cittaro D, Tonon G

EMBO J. 37 (23) - [2018-12-03; online 2018-10-29]

Focal deletions occur frequently in the cancer genome. However, the putative tumor-suppressive genes residing within these regions have been difficult to pinpoint. To robustly identify these genes, we implemented a computational approach based on non-negative matrix factorization, NMF, and interrogated the TCGA dataset. This analysis revealed a metagene signature including a small subset of genes showing pervasive hemizygous deletions, reduced expression in cancer patient samples, and nucleolar function. Amid the genes belonging to this signature, we have identified PNRC1, a nuclear receptor coactivator. We found that PNRC1 interacts with the cytoplasmic DCP1α/DCP2 decapping machinery and hauls it inside the nucleolus. PNRC1-dependent nucleolar translocation of the decapping complex is associated with a decrease in the 5'-capped U3 and U8 snoRNA fractions, hampering ribosomal RNA maturation. As a result, PNRC1 ablates the enhanced proliferation triggered by established oncogenes such as RAS and MYC These observations uncover a previously undescribed mechanism of tumor suppression, whereby the cytoplasmic decapping machinery is hauled within nucleoli, tightly regulating ribosomal RNA maturation.

SciLifeLab Fellow

Vicent Pelechano

PubMed 30373810

DOI 10.15252/embj.201899179

Crossref 10.15252/embj.201899179

pii: embj.201899179
pmc: PMC6276881

Publications 9.5.0