Promoter Usage and Dynamics in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells Exposed to Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 or Interleukin-1β.

Alhendi AMN, Patrikakis M, Daub CO, Kawaji H, Itoh M, de Hoon M, Carninci P, Hayashizaki Y, Arner E, Khachigian LM

Sci Rep 8 (1) 13164 [2018-09-03; online 2018-09-03]

Smooth muscle cells (SMC) in blood vessels are normally growth quiescent and transcriptionally inactive. Our objective was to understand promoter usage and dynamics in SMC acutely exposed to a prototypic growth factor or pro-inflammatory cytokine. Using cap analysis gene expression (FANTOM5 project) we report differences in promoter dynamics for immediate-early genes (IEG) and other genes when SMC are exposed to fibroblast growth factor-2 or interleukin-1β. Of the 1871 promoters responding to FGF2 or IL-1β considerably more responded to FGF2 (68.4%) than IL-1β (18.5%) and 13.2% responded to both. Expression clustering reveals sets of genes induced, repressed or unchanged. Among IEG responding rapidly to FGF2 or IL-1β were FOS, FOSB and EGR-1, which mediates human SMC migration. Motif activity response analysis (MARA) indicates most transcription factor binding motifs in response to FGF2 were associated with a sharp induction at 1 h, whereas in response to IL-1β, most motifs were associated with a biphasic change peaking generally later. MARA revealed motifs for FOS_FOS{B,L1}_JUN{B,D} and EGR-1..3 in the cluster peaking 1 h after FGF2 exposure whereas these motifs were in clusters peaking 1 h or later in response to IL-1β. Our findings interrogating CAGE data demonstrate important differences in promoter usage and dynamics in SMC exposed to FGF2 or IL-1β.

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PubMed 30177712

DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-30702-4

Crossref 10.1038/s41598-018-30702-4

10.1038/s41598-018-30702-4

pmc PMC6120868