Increased Expression of GLP-1R in Proliferating Islets of Men1 Mice is Detectable by [68Ga]Ga-DO3A-VS-Cys40-Exendin-4 /PET.

Monazzam A, Lau J, Velikyan I, Li SC, Razmara M, Rosenström U, Eriksson O, Skogseid B

Sci Rep 8 (1) 748 [2018-01-15; online 2018-01-15]

Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an endocrine tumor syndrome caused by heterozygous mutations in the MEN1 tumor suppressor gene. The MEN1 pancreas of the adolescent gene carrier frequently contain diffusely spread pre-neoplasias and microadenomas, progressing to macroscopic and potentially malignant pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (P-NET), which represents the major death cause in MEN1. The unveiling of the molecular mechanism of P-NET which is not currently understood fully to allow the optimization of diagnostics and treatment. Glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) pathway is essential in islet regeneration, i.e. inhibition of β-cell apoptosis and enhancement of β-cell proliferation, yet involvement of GLP-1 in MEN1 related P-NET has not yet been demonstrated. The objective of this work was to investigate if normal sized islets of Men1 heterozygous mice have increased Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) expression compared to wild type islets, and if this increase is detectable in vivo with positron emission tomography (PET) using [68Ga]Ga-DO3A-VS-Cys40-Exendin-4 (68Ga-Exendin-4). 68Ga-Exendin-4 showed potential for early lesion detection in MEN1 pancreas due to increased GLP1R expression.

Olof Eriksson

SciLifeLab Fellow

PubMed 29335487

DOI 10.1038/s41598-017-18855-0

Crossref 10.1038/s41598-017-18855-0

pmc: PMC5768696
pii: 10.1038/s41598-017-18855-0

Publications 9.5.0