Borhade SR, Svensson R, Brandt P, Artursson P, Arvidsson PI, Sandström A
ChemMedChem 10 (3) 455-460 [2015-03-00; online 2015-01-28]
Herein we present the preclinical characterization of novel compounds containing the linear acyl sulfonimidamide functionality. Specifically, we studied the pKa , lipophilicity, in vitro metabolic stability, plasma protein binding, Caco-2 permeability, and aqueous solubility for nine aryl acyl sulfonimidamides. In comparison with widely used carboxylic acid bioisosteres, the acyl sulfonimidamides were found to be less acidic and more lipophilic depending on the substitution pattern in the studied compounds. Importantly, the pKa values (5.9-7.6) were significantly influenced by substituents on the nitrogen atom and the aryl substituents. Moreover, the acyl sulfonimidamides displayed membrane permeabilities ranging from moderate to very high, which correlated with decreased pKa and low to negligible efflux ratios. We foresee that the chiral sulfur center and the two handles for structural diversity of linear acyl sulfonimidamides will offer new opportunities for drug design and for improving the oral bioavailability of acidic drug candidates.