Design of Selective sPLA 2-X Inhibitor (-)-2-{2-[Carbamoyl-6-(trifluoromethoxy)-1H-indol-1-yl]pyridine-2-yl}propanoic Acid.

Giordanetto F, Knerr L, Nordberg P, Pettersen D, Selmi N, Beisel HG, de la Motte H, Månsson Å, Dahlström M, Broddefalk J, Saarinen G, Klingegård F, Hurt-Camejo E, Rosengren B, Wikström J, Wågberg M, Brengdahl J, Rohman M, Sandmark J, Åkerud T, Roth RG, Jansen F, Ahlqvist M

ACS Med. Chem. Lett. 9 (7) 600-605 [2018-07-12; online 2018-06-23]

A lead generation campaign identified indole-based sPLA 2-X inhibitors with a promising selectivity profile against other sPLA2 isoforms. Further optimization of sPLA2 selectivity and metabolic stability resulted in the design of (-)-17, a novel, potent, and selective sPLA2-X inhibitor with an exquisite pharmacokinetic profile characterized by high absorption and low clearance, and low toxicological risk. Compound (-)-17 was tested in an ApoE-/- murine model of atherosclerosis to evaluate the effect of reversible, pharmacological sPLA2-X inhibition on atherosclerosis development. Despite being well tolerated and achieving adequate systemic exposure of mechanistic relevance, (-)-17 did not significantly affect circulating lipid and lipoprotein biomarkers and had no effect on coronary function or histological markers of atherosclerosis.

Affiliated researcher

QC bibliography QC xrefs

PubMed 30034586

DOI 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.7b00507

Crossref 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.7b00507

pmc PMC6047026