Design of Selective sPLA 2-X Inhibitor (-)-2-{2-[Carbamoyl-6-(trifluoromethoxy)-1H-indol-1-yl]pyridine-2-yl}propanoic Acid.

Giordanetto F, Knerr L, Nordberg P, Pettersen D, Selmi N, Beisel HG, de la Motte H, Månsson Å, Dahlström M, Broddefalk J, Saarinen G, Klingegård F, Hurt-Camejo E, Rosengren B, Wikström J, Wågberg M, Brengdahl J, Rohman M, Sandmark J, Åkerud T, Roth RG, Jansen F, Ahlqvist M

ACS Med. Chem. Lett. 9 (7) 600-605 [2018-07-12; online 2018-06-23]

A lead generation campaign identified indole-based sPLA 2-X inhibitors with a promising selectivity profile against other sPLA2 isoforms. Further optimization of sPLA2 selectivity and metabolic stability resulted in the design of (-)-17, a novel, potent, and selective sPLA2-X inhibitor with an exquisite pharmacokinetic profile characterized by high absorption and low clearance, and low toxicological risk. Compound (-)-17 was tested in an ApoE-/- murine model of atherosclerosis to evaluate the effect of reversible, pharmacological sPLA2-X inhibition on atherosclerosis development. Despite being well tolerated and achieving adequate systemic exposure of mechanistic relevance, (-)-17 did not significantly affect circulating lipid and lipoprotein biomarkers and had no effect on coronary function or histological markers of atherosclerosis.

Affiliated researcher

PubMed 30034586

DOI 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.7b00507

Crossref 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.7b00507

pmc: PMC6047026

Publications 9.5.0