Méndez-Enríquez E, Salomonsson M, Eriksson J, Janson C, Malinovschi A, Sellin ME, Hallgren J
J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 149 (4) 1458-1463 [2022-04-00; online 2021-09-04]
The concept of innate and adaptive effector cells that are repleted by maturing inert progenitor cell populations is changing. Mast cells develop from rare mast cell progenitors populating peripheral tissues at homeostatic conditions, or as a result of induced recruitment during inflammatory conditions. Because FcεRI-expressing mast cell progenitors are the dominating mast cell type during acute allergic lung inflammation in vivo, we hypothesized that they are activated by IgE cross-linking. Mouse peritoneal and human peripheral blood cells were sensitized and stimulated with antigen, or stimulated with anti-IgE, and the mast cell progenitor population analyzed for signs of activation by flow cytometry. Isolated peritoneal mast cell progenitors were studied before and after anti-IgE stimulation at single-cell level by time-lapse fluorescence microscopy. Lung mast cell progenitors were analyzed for their ability to produce IL-13 by intracellular flow cytometry in a mouse model of ovalbumin-induced allergic airway inflammation. Sensitized mouse peritoneal mast cell progenitors demonstrate increased levels of phosphorylation of tyrosines on intracellular proteins (total tyrosine phosphorylation), and spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) phosphorylation after antigen exposure. Anti-IgE induced cell surface-associated lysomal-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1) in naive mast cell progenitors, and prompted loss of fluorescence signal and altered morphology of isolated cells loaded with lysotracker. In human mast cell progenitors, anti-IgE increased total tyrosine phosphorylation, cell surface-associated LAMP-1, and CD63. Lung mast cell progenitors from mice with ovalbumin-induced allergic airway inflammation produce IL-13. Mast cell progenitors become activated by IgE cross-linking and may contribute to the pathology associated with acute allergic airway inflammation.