Carlsson J, Andér M, Nervall M, Aqvist J
J. Phys. Chem. B 110 (24) 12034-12041 [2006-06-22; online 2006-06-28]
The linear interaction energy (LIE) method in combination with two different continuum solvent models has been applied to calculate protein-ligand binding free energies for a set of inhibitors against the malarial aspartic protease plasmepsin II. Ligand-water interaction energies are calculated from both Poisson-Boltzmann (PB) and Generalized Born (GB) continuum models using snapshots from explicit solvent simulations of the ligand and protein-ligand complex. These are compared to explicit solvent calculations, and we find close agreement between the explicit water and PB solvation models. The GB model overestimates the change in solvation energy, and this is caused by consistent underestimation of the effective Born radii in the protein-ligand complex. The explicit solvent LIE calculations and LIE-PB, with our standard parametrization, reproduce absolute experimental binding free energies with an average unsigned error of 0.5 and 0.7 kcal/mol, respectively. The LIE-GB method, however, requires a constant offset to approach the same level of accuracy.
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