Crystal Structure of the Emerging Cancer Target MTHFD2 in Complex with a Substrate-Based Inhibitor.

Gustafsson R, Jemth AS, Gustafsson NM, Färnegårdh K, Loseva O, Wiita E, Bonagas N, Dahllund L, Llona-Minguez S, Häggblad M, Henriksson M, Andersson Y, Homan E, Helleday T, Stenmark P

Cancer Res. 77 (4) 937-948 [2017-02-15; online 2016-11-29]

To sustain their proliferation, cancer cells become dependent on one-carbon metabolism to support purine and thymidylate synthesis. Indeed, one of the most highly upregulated enzymes during neoplastic transformation is MTHFD2, a mitochondrial methylenetetrahydrofolate dehydrogenase and cyclohydrolase involved in one-carbon metabolism. Because MTHFD2 is expressed normally only during embryonic development, it offers a disease-selective therapeutic target for eradicating cancer cells while sparing healthy cells. Here we report the synthesis and preclinical characterization of the first inhibitor of human MTHFD2. We also disclose the first crystal structure of MTHFD2 in complex with a substrate-based inhibitor and the enzyme cofactors NAD

Affiliated researcher

PubMed 27899380

DOI 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-1476

Crossref 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-16-1476

pii: 0008-5472.CAN-16-1476