Multi-omics network analysis on samples from sequential biopsies reveals vital role of proliferation arrest for Macrosteatosis related graft failure in rats after liver transplantation.

Liu Z, Wang W, Li X, Zhao J, Zhu H, Que S, He Y, Xu J, Zhou L, Mardinoglu A, Zheng S

Genomics 115 (6) 110748 [2023-11-19; online 2023-11-19]

To investigate the molecular impact of graft MaS on post-transplant prognosis, based on multi-omics integrative analysis. Rats were fed by methionine-choline deficient diet (MCD) for MaS grafts. Samples were collected from grafts by sequential biopsies. Transcriptomic and metabolomic profilings were assayed. Post-transplant MaS status showed a close association with graft failure. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) for in-vivo MaS were mainly enriched on pathways of cell cycle and DNA replication. Post-transplant MaS caused arrests of graft regeneration via inhibiting the E2F1 centered network, which was confirmed by an in vitro experiment. Data from metabolomics assays found insufficient serine/creatine which is located on one‑carbon metabolism was responsible for MaS-related GF. Pre-transplant MaS caused severe fibrosis in long-term survivors. DEGs for grafts from long-term survivors with pre-transplant MaS were mainly enriched in pathways of ECM-receptor interaction and focal adhesion. Transcriptional regulatory network analysis confirmed SOX9 as a key transcription factor (TF) for MaS-related fibrosis. Metabolomic assays found elevation of aromatic amino acid (AAA) was a major feature of fibrosis in long-term survivors. Graft MaS in vivo increased post-transplant GF via negative regulations on graft regeneration. Pre-transplant MaS induced severe fibrosis in long-term survivors via activations on ECM-receptor interaction and AAA metabolism.

Adil Mardinoglu

SciLifeLab Fellow

PubMed 37984718

DOI 10.1016/j.ygeno.2023.110748

Crossref 10.1016/j.ygeno.2023.110748

pii: S0888-7543(23)00192-1

Publications 9.5.0