Jendželovský R, Jendželovská Z, Hiľovská L, Kovaľ J, Mikeš J, Fedoročko P
Toxicol. Lett. 243 (-) 56-66 [2016-01-22; online 2015-12-22]
Proadifen (SKF-525A) is a P450 monooxygenase inhibitor with potential anti-proliferative activity and the ability to potentiate the toxicity of hypericin-mediated photodynamic therapy and mitoxantrone via alteration of ABC transport proteins. Elevated expression of some ABC transporters may also determine the efficacy of cisplatin-based chemotherapy. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of proadifen to sensitize A2780 and A2780cis ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin (CDDP). Herein, we show for the first time that proadifen sensitized resistant ovarian cancer cells to CDDP-induced cell death. The chemosensitizing effect of proadifen on CDDP action was also confirmed by MTT assays in multicellular spheroids. The possible mechanisms responsible for the enhanced cytotoxicity of proadifen/CDDP combined treatment may be attributed to a decrease of reduced relative glutathione levels, downregulation of multidrug resistance-associated proteins 1 and 2 (MRP1, MRP2) and attenuation of survivin expression. Taken together, our results indicate that proadifen is a promising compound for further in vivo experiments related to overcoming multidrug resistance and sensitization of resistant ovarian carcinoma to CDDP.