Di Valentin M, Dal Farra MG, Galazzo L, Albertini M, Schulte T, Hofmann E, Carbonera D
Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1857 (12) 1909-1916 [2016-12-00; online 2016-09-20]
Triplet-triplet energy transfer from chlorophylls to carotenoids is the mechanism underlying the photoprotective role played by carotenoids in many light harvesting complexes, during photosynthesis. The peridinin-chlorophyll-a protein (PCP) is a water-soluble light harvesting protein of the dinoflagellate Amphidinium carterae, employing peridinin as the main carotenoid to fulfil this function. The dipolar coupling of the triplet state of peridinin, populated under light excitation in isolated PCP, to the MTSSL nitroxide, introduced in the protein by site-directed mutagenesis followed by spin labeling, has been measured by Pulse ELectron-electron DOuble Resonance (PELDOR) spectroscopy. The triplet-nitroxide distance derived by this kind of experiments, performed for the first time in a protein system, allowed the assignment of the triplet state to a specific peridinin molecule belonging to the pigment cluster. The analysis strongly suggests that this peridinin is the one in close contact with the water ligand to the chlorophyll a, thus supporting previous evidences based on ENDOR and time resolved-EPR.