Järvinen TM, Hellquist A, Zucchelli M, Koskenmies S, Panelius J, Hasan T, Julkunen H, D'Amato M, Kere J
Rheumatology (Oxford) 51 (1) 87-92 [2012-01-00; online 2011-10-27]
A large number of genes, including several not previously implicated in SLE susceptibility, have recently been identified or confirmed by genome-wide association studies (GWAS). In this study, we sought to replicate some of these results in Finnish SLE patients (n = 275) and control individuals (n = 356). We genotyped 32 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 12 of the best-supported GWAS-identified SLE genes and loci. We further investigated gene-gene interactions between the loci included in the study. The strongest evidence of association was found at the IRF5-TNPO3 locus, with the most significant P-value being 2.0 × 10(-7) and an odds ratio of 1.95 (95% CI 1.51, 2.50). Association between SLE and TNFAIP3, FAM167A-BLK, BANK1 and KIAA1542 was also confirmed, although at a lower significance level and contribution to individual risk. No significant association was found with 1q25.1, PXK, ATG5, ICA1, XKR6, LYN and SCUBE1. Furthermore, no significant gene-gene interactions were detected. Replication of previous GWAS findings across diverse populations is of importance to validate these associations and to get a better understanding of potential genetic heterogeneity between populations in SLE susceptibility. Our results attest the importance of B-cell receptor pathway and IFN signalling in SLE pathogenesis.