The human otubain2-ubiquitin structure provides insights into the cleavage specificity of poly-ubiquitin-linkages.

Altun M, Walter TS, Kramer HB, Herr P, Iphöfer A, Boström J, David Y, Komsany A, Ternette N, Navon A, Stuart DI, Ren J, Kessler BM

PLoS ONE 10 (1) e0115344 [2015-01-15; online 2015-01-15]

Ovarian tumor domain containing proteases cleave ubiquitin (Ub) and ubiquitin-like polypeptides from proteins. Here we report the crystal structure of human otubain 2 (OTUB2) in complex with a ubiquitin-based covalent inhibitor, Ub-Br2. The ubiquitin binding mode is oriented differently to how viral otubains (vOTUs) bind ubiquitin/ISG15, and more similar to yeast and mammalian OTUs. In contrast to OTUB1 which has exclusive specificity towards Lys48 poly-ubiquitin chains, OTUB2 cleaves different poly-Ub linked chains. N-terminal tail swapping experiments between OTUB1 and OTUB2 revealed how the N-terminal structural motifs in OTUB1 contribute to modulating enzyme activity and Ub-chain selectivity, a trait not observed in OTUB2, supporting the notion that OTUB2 may affect a different spectrum of substrates in Ub-dependent pathways.

Affiliated researcher

PubMed 25590432

DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0115344

Crossref 10.1371/journal.pone.0115344

pii: PONE-D-14-35849
pmc: PMC4295869

Publications 7.1.2