Synthesis of P1'-functionalized macrocyclic transition-state mimicking HIV-1 protease inhibitors encompassing a tertiary alcohol.

De Rosa M, Unge J, Motwani HV, Rosenquist Å, Vrang L, Wallberg H, Larhed M

J. Med. Chem. 57 (15) 6444-6457 [2014-08-14; online 2014-08-01]

Seven novel tertiary alcohol containing linear HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs), decorated at the para position of the benzyl group in the P1' side with (hetero)aromatic moieties, were synthesized and biologically evaluated. To study the inhibition and antiviral activity effect of P1-P3 macrocyclization, 14- and 15-membered macrocyclic PIs were prepared by ring-closing metathesis of the corresponding linear PIs. The macrocycles were more active than the linear precursors and compound 10f, with a 2-thiazolyl group in the P1' position, was the most potent PI of this new series (Ki 2.2 nM, EC50 0.2 μM). Co-crystallized complexes of both linear and macrocyclic PIs with the HIV-1 protease enzyme were prepared and analyzed.

Affiliated researcher

PubMed 25054811

DOI 10.1021/jm500434q

Crossref 10.1021/jm500434q