Liao Q, Owen MC, Bali S, Barz B, Strodel B
Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 54 (56) 7766-7769 [2018-07-10; online 2018-06-28]
In light of the high affinity of Cu2+ for Alzheimer's Aβ1-42 and its ability to subsequently catalyze the formation of radicals, we examine the effects of Cu2+ binding, Aβ oxidation, and an acidic environment on the conformational dynamics of the smallest Aβ1-42 oligomer, the Aβ1-42 dimer. Transition networks calculated from Hamiltonian replica exchange molecular dynamics (H-REMD) simulations reveal that the decreased pH considerably increased the β-sheet content, whereas Cu2+ binding increased the exposed hydrophobic surface area, both of which can contribute to an increased oligomerization propensity and toxicity.