William M, Leroux LP, Chaparro V, Lorent J, Graber TE, M'Boutchou MN, Charpentier T, Fabié A, Dozois CM, Stäger S, van Kempen LC, Alain T, Larsson O, Jaramillo M
J. Immunol. 200 (12) 4102-4116 [2018-06-15; online 2018-04-30]
Macrophages represent one of the first lines of defense during infections and are essential for resolution of inflammation following pathogen clearance. Rapid activation or suppression of protein synthesis via changes in translational efficiency allows cells of the immune system, including macrophages, to quickly respond to external triggers or cues without de novo mRNA synthesis. The translational repressors eIF4E-binding proteins 4E-BP1 and 4E-BP2 (4E-BP1/2) are central regulators of proinflammatory cytokine synthesis during viral and parasitic infections. However, it remains to be established whether 4E-BP1/2 play a role in translational control of anti-inflammatory responses. By comparing translational efficiencies of immune-related transcripts in macrophages from wild-type and 4E-BP1/2 double-knockout mice, we found that translation of mRNAs encoding two major regulators of inflammation, IL-10 and PG-endoperoxide synthase 2/cyclooxygenase-2, is controlled by 4E-BP1/2. Genetic deletion of 4E-BP1/2 in macrophages increased endogenous IL-10 and PGE 2 protein synthesis in response to TLR4 stimulation and reduced their bactericidal capacity. The molecular mechanism involves enhanced anti-inflammatory gene expression (sIl1ra, Nfil3, Arg1, Serpinb2) owing to upregulation of IL-10-STAT3 and PGE2-C/EBPβ signaling. These data provide evidence that 4E-BP1/2 limit anti-inflammatory responses in macrophages and suggest that dysregulated activity of 4E-BP1/2 might be involved in reprogramming of the translational and downstream transcriptional landscape of macrophages during pathological conditions, such as infections and cancer.