Ståhl PL, Lundeberg J
Annu. Rev. Biochem. 81 (-) 359-378 [2012-03-20; online 2012-03-20]
Today, resequencing of a human genome can be performed in approximately a week using a single instrument. Thanks to a steady logarithmic rate of increase in performance for DNA sequencing platforms over the past seven years, DNA sequencing is one of the fastest developing technology fields. As the process becomes faster, it opens up possibilities within health care, diagnostics, and entirely new fields of research. Immediate genetic characterization of contagious outbreaks has been exemplified, and with such applications for the direct benefit of human health, expectations of future sensitive, rapid, high-throughput, and cost-effective technologies are steadily growing. Simultaneously, some of the limitations of a rapidly growing field have become apparent, and questions regarding the quality of some of the data deposited into databases have been raised. A human genome sequenced in only an hour is likely to become a reality in the future, but its definition may not be as certain.