Tolmachev V, Varasteh Z, Honarvar H, Hosseinimehr SJ, Eriksson O, Jonasson P, Frejd FY, Abrahmsen L, Orlova A
Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine 55 (2) 294-300 [2014-02-00; online 2014-01-09]
The overexpression and excessive signaling of platelet-derived growth factor receptor β (PDGFRβ) has been detected in cancers, atherosclerosis, and a variety of fibrotic diseases. Radionuclide in vivo visualization of PDGFRβ expression might help to select PDGFRβ targeting treatment for these diseases. The goal of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of in vivo radionuclide imaging of PDGFRβ expression using an Affibody molecule, a small nonimmunoglobulin affinity protein. The PDGFRβ-binding Z09591 Affibody molecule was site-specifically conjugated with a maleimido derivative of DOTA and labeled with (111)In. Targeting of the PDGFRβ-expressing U-87 MG glioblastoma cell line using (111)In-DOTA-Z09591 was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. DOTA-Z09591 was stably labeled with (111)In with preserved specific binding to PDGFRβ-expressing cells in vitro. The dissociation constant for (111)In-DOTA-Z09591 binding to U-87 MG cells was determined to be 92 ± 10 pM. In mice bearing U-87 MG xenografts, the tumor uptake of (111)In-DOTA-Z09591 was 7.2 ± 2.4 percentage injected dose per gram and the tumor-to-blood ratio was 28 ± 14 at 2 h after injection. In vivo receptor saturation experiments demonstrated that targeting of U-87 MG xenografts in mice was PDGFRβ-specific. U-87 MG xenografts were clearly visualized using small-animal SPECT/CT at 3 h after injection. This study demonstrates the feasibility of in vivo visualization of PDGFRβ-expressing xenografts using an Affibody molecule. Further development of radiolabeled Affibody molecules might provide a useful clinical imaging tool for PDGFRβ expression during various pathologic conditions.