Wengeler R, Teleki A, Vetter M, Pratsinis SE, Nirschl H
Langmuir 22 (11) 4928-4935 [2006-05-23; online 2006-05-17]
The influence of primary particle diameter and the degree of agglomeration of flame-made silica agglomerate suspensions in aqueous solutions is studied by high-pressure dispersion (up to 1500 bar) through a nozzle with a 125 microm inner diameter. These particles were produced (4-15 g/h) by oxidation of hexamethyldisiloxane (HMDSO) in a coflow diffusion flame reactor. Their average primary particle size (10-50 nm) and degree of agglomeration were controlled by varying the oxygen and precursor flow rates. The particles were characterized by nitrogen adsorption, electron microscopy, and small-angle X-ray scattering. Hydrodynamic stresses break up soft agglomerates and yield hard agglomerate sizes in the range of 100-180 nm, as characterized by dynamic light scattering. Soft agglomerates exhibited decreasing light scattering diameters with increasing dispersion pressure, while hard agglomerates were insensitive.