Tan YX, Cui H, Wan LM, Gong F, Zhang X, Vlodavsky I, Li JP
Glycobiology 28 (5) 269-275 [2018-05-01; online 2018-02-23]
Heparanase, an endo-glucuronidase that specifically cleaves heparan sulfate (HS), is upregulated in several pathological conditions. In this study, we aimed to find a correlation of heparanase expression and platelets production. In the transgenic mice overexpressing human heparanase (Hpa-tg), hematological analysis of blood samples revealed a significantly higher number of platelets in comparison with wild-type (Ctr) mice, while no significant difference was found in leukocytes and red blood cell number between the two groups. Total number of thiazole orange positive platelets was increased in Hpa-tg vs. Ctr blood, reflecting a higher rate of platelets production. Concomitantly, megakaryocytes from Hpa-tg mice produced more and shorter HS fragments that were shed into the medium. Further, thrombopoietin (TPO) level was elevated in the liver and plasma of Hpa-tg mice. Together, the data indicate that heparanase expression promoted megakaryopoiesis, which may be through upregulated expression of TPO and direct effect of released HS fragments expressed in the megakaryocytes.