Granström AL, Markljung E, Fink K, Nordenskjöld E, Nilsson D, Wester T, Nordenskjöld A
J. Pediatr. Surg. 49 (4) 622-625 [2014-04-00; online 2013-11-14]
We identified a girl with Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) whose mother and grandmother had HSCR associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). The aim of this study was to outline mutations in HSCR-related genes and MS susceptibility alleles in these three individuals. The phenotypes were reviewed based on medical records. The three subjects had rectosigmoid HSCR verified with histopathology. The mother and grandmother fulfilled the McDonald criteria for MS. DNA was isolated from EDTA-preserved blood according to standard procedures. Exome sequencing aiming mainly at analyzing HSCR associated genes as well as Sanger sequencing for confirmation was performed. All affected individuals carry a novel heterozygous nonsense mutation in the EDNRB gene (c.C397T,p.R133X,refNM_000115), changing an arginine at position 133 into a premature stop codon. None of the subjects were homozygous for the HLA risk alleles for MS. We report a novel non-sense EDNRB gene mutation in a girl with HSCR and her mother and grandmother with HSCR and MS. We propose that this EDNRB gene mutation plays a role in the etiology of HSCR and also makes the subjects susceptible to MS.