Strategies for Constructing and Operating DNA Origami Linear Actuators.

Benson E, Carrascosa Marzo R, Bath J, Turberfield AJ

Small 17 (20) e2007704 [2021-05-00; online 2021-05-04]

Linear actuators are ubiquitous components at all scales of engineering. DNA nanotechnology offers a unique opportunity for bottom-up assembly at the molecular scale, providing nanoscale precision with multiple methods for constructing and operating devices. In this paper, DNA origami linear actuators with up to 200 nm travel, based on a rail threading a topologically locked slider, are demonstrated. Two strategies, one- and two-pot assembly, are demonstrated whereby the two components are folded from one or two DNA scaffold strands, respectively. In order to control the position of the slider on the rail, the rail and the inside of the slider are decorated with single-stranded oligonucleotides with distinct sequences. Two positioning strategies, based on diffusion and capture of signaling strands, are used to link the slider reversibly to determined positions on the rail with high yield and precision. These machine components provide a basis for applications in molecular machinery and nanoscale manufacture including programmed chemical synthesis.

Erik Benson

SciLifeLab Fellow

PubMed 33942502

DOI 10.1002/smll.202007704

Crossref 10.1002/smll.202007704

Publications 9.5.0