Scavenger Receptor A Mediates the Clearance and Immunological Screening of MDA-Modified Antigen by M2-Type Macrophages.

Warnecke A, Abele S, Musunuri S, Bergquist J, Harris RA

Neuromolecular Med. 19 (4) 463-479 [2017-12-00; online 2017-08-21]

In this study, we investigated the uptake of malondialdehyde (MDA)-modified myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) in the context of lipid peroxidation and its implications in CNS autoimmunity. The use of custom-produced fluorescently labeled versions of MOG or MDA-modified MOG enabled us to study and quantify the uptake by different macrophage populations and to identify the responsible receptor, namely SRA. The SRA-mediated uptake of MDA-modified MOG is roughly tenfold more efficient compared to that of the native form. Notably, this uptake is most strongly associated with anti-inflammatory M2-type macrophages. MDA-modified MOG was demonstrated to be resistant to degradation by lysine-dependent proteases in vitro, but the overall digestion fragments appeared to be similar in cell lysates, although their relative abundance appeared to be altered as a result of faster uptake. Accordingly, MDA-modified MOG is processed for presentation by APCs, allowing maximized recall proliferation of MOG

Affiliated researcher

PubMed 28828577

DOI 10.1007/s12017-017-8461-y

Crossref 10.1007/s12017-017-8461-y

pii: 10.1007/s12017-017-8461-y
pmc: PMC5683054

Publications 9.5.0