Magnetoresponsive fluorescent core-shell nanoclusters for biomedical applications.

Saladino GM, Kakadiya R, Ansari SR, Teleki A, Toprak MS

Nanoscale Adv 5 (5) 1323-1330 [2023-02-28; online 2023-01-31]

Nowadays, superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) have a dominant role in many subfields of biomedicine. Owing to their peculiar properties, they can be employed for magnetic separation, drug delivery, diagnostics, and hyperthermia treatments. However, these magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) suffer from low unit magnetization due to size constraints (up to 20-30 nm) to exhibit superparamagnetic character. In this work, we have designed and synthesized superparamagnetic nanoclusters (SP-NCs) with diameters of up to 400 nm with high unit magnetization for enhanced loading capacity. These were synthesized with conventional or microwave-assisted solvothermal methods, in the presence of either of the two biomolecules (citrate or l-lysine) as the capping agent. Primary particle size, SP-NC size, surface chemistry, and the resultant magnetic properties were observed to be significantly influenced by the choice of synthesis route and capping agent. Selected SP-NCs were then coated with a fluorophore-doped silica shell to provide fluorescence properties, in the near-infrared spectrum region, while silica provided high chemical and colloidal stability. Heating efficiency studies were performed under alternating magnetic field on the synthesized SP-NCs, highlighting their potential in hyperthermia treatment. We envision that their enhanced magnetically-active content, fluorescence, magnetic property, and heating efficiency will pave the way to more effective uses in biomedical applications.

Alexandra Teleki

SciLifeLab Fellow

PubMed 36866251

DOI 10.1039/d2na00887d

Crossref 10.1039/d2na00887d

pmc: PMC9972542
pii: d2na00887d

Publications 9.5.0