Gunnarsson R, Mansouri L, Rosenquist R
Leuk. Lymphoma 54 (8) 1583-1590 [2013-08-00; online 2013-02-28]
Abstract During recent years, microarray-based technologies and next-generation sequencing (NGS) have been applied in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in order to identify novel genomic aberrations that may contribute to the pathogenesis of the disease. Even though high-resolution microarray studies have confirmed the importance of the known recurrent aberrations, i.e. del(11q), trisomy 12, del(13q) and del(17p), and have more precisely delineated the genomic borders of these aberrations, only a few novel aberrations, found at a low frequency, have been detected with these techniques. In contrast to this, the application of NGS technology of the coding genome (exome sequencing) or the entire genome (whole-genome sequencing) has unveiled a number of novel recurrent mutations in e.g. the NOTCH1, SF3B1 and BIRC3 genes. Importantly, mutations in these latter genes were reported to be associated with a particularly poor outcome, similar to TP53 aberrations, and may play key roles in tumor development, treatment resistance and prognosis. In this review, we not only summarize the latest achievements using array-based or NGS technologies, but also point to new directions for research aiming to unravel the complex genetic "map" in CLL and its prognostic subsets.