Lönn P, Landegren U
Trends Biochem. Sci. 42 (7) 504-515 [2017-07-00; online 2017-05-28]
The well-oiled machinery of the cellular proteome operates via variable expression, modifications, and interactions of proteins, relaying genomic and transcriptomic information to coordinate cellular functions. In recent years, a number of techniques have emerged that serve to identify sets of proteins acting in close proximity in the course of orchestrating cellular activities. These proximity-dependent assays, including BiFC, BioID, APEX, FRET, and isPLA, have opened up new avenues to examine protein interactions in live or fixed cells. We review herein the current status of proximity-dependent in situ techniques. We compare the advantages and limitations of the methods, underlining recent progress and the growing importance of these techniques in basic research, and we discuss their potential as tools for drug development and diagnostics.