Wiśniewski JR, Vildhede A, Norén A, Artursson P
J Proteomics 136 (-) 234-247 [2016-03-16; online 2016-01-26]
Hepatocytes play a pivotal role in human homeostasis. They are essential in regulation of glucose and lipid levels in blood and play a central role in metabolism of amino acids, lipids, drugs and xenobiotic-compounds. In addition, hepatocytes produce a major portion of proteins circulating in the blood. Hepatocytes were isolated from liver tissue obtained from surgical resections. Proteins were extracted and processed using filter aided sample preparation protocol and were analyzed by LC-MS/MS using high accuracy mass spectrometry. Proteins were quantified by the 'Total Protein Approach' and 'Proteomic Ruler'. We report a comprehensive proteomic analysis of purified human hepatocytes and the human hepatoma cell line HepG2. The complete dataset comprises 9400 proteins and provides a comprehensive and quantitative depiction of the proteomes of hepatocytes and HepG2 cells at the protein titer and copy number dimensions. We describe basic cell organization and in detail energy metabolism pathways and metabolite transport. We provide quantitative insights into protein synthesis and drug and xenobiotics catabolism. Our data delineate differences between the native human hepatocytes and HepG2 cells by providing for the first time quantitative data at protein concentrations and copy numbers.