Sutton LA, Rosenquist R
Haematologica 100 (1) 7-16 [2015-01-00; online 2015-01-02]
Dramatic advances in next generation sequencing technologies have provided a novel opportunity to understand the molecular genetics of chronic lymphocytic leukemia through the comprehensive detection of genetic lesions. While progress is being made in elucidating the clinical significance of recurrently mutated genes, layers of complexity have been added to our understanding of chronic lymphocytic leukemia pathogenesis in the guise of the molecular evolution and (sub)clonal architecture of the disease. As we prepare for an era of tailored therapy, we need to appreciate not only the effect mutations have on drug response but also the impact subclones containing specific mutations have at initial presentation, during therapy and upon relapse. Therefore, although the wealth of emerging genetic data has great potential in helping us devise strategies to improve the therapy and prognosis of patients, focused efforts will be required to follow disease evolution, particularly in the context of novel therapies, in order to translate this knowledge into clinical settings.