Carlsson AC, Wändell P, Gasevic D, Sundquist J, Sundquist K
Int. J. Cardiol. 187 (-) 547-552 [2015-04-01; online 2015-04-01]
We aimed to study differences in the prescribing of warfarin, aspirin and statins to patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in socio-economically diverse neighborhoods. We also aimed to explore the effects of neighborhood deprivation on the relationship between CHADS2 risk score and warfarin prescription. Data were obtained from primary health care records that contained individual clinical data that were linked to national data on neighborhood of residence and a deprivation index for different neighborhoods. Logistic regression was used to estimate the potential neighborhood differences in prescribed warfarin, aspirin and statins, and the association between the CHADS2 score and prescribed warfarin treatment, in neighborhoods with high, middle (referent) and low socio-economic (SES). After adjustment for age, socio-economic factors, co-morbidities and moves to neighborhoods with different SES during follow-up, adults with AF living in high SES neighborhoods were more often prescribed warfarin (men odds ratio (OR) (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.44 (1.27-1.62); and women OR (95% CI): 1.19 (1.05-1.36)) and statins (men OR (95% CI): 1.23 (1.07-1.41); women OR (95% CI): 1.23 (1.05-1.44)) compared to their counterparts residing in middle SES. Prescription of aspirin was lower in men from high SES neighborhoods (OR (95% CI): 0.75 (0.65-0.86)) than in those from middle SES neighborhoods. Higher CHADS2 risk scores were associated with higher warfarin prescription which remained after adjustment for neighborhood SES. The apparent inequalities in pharmacotherapy seen in the present study call for resource allocation to primary care in neighborhoods with low and middle socio-economic status.