Chang RK, Li X, Mu N, Hrydziuszko O, Garcia-Majano B, Larsson C, Lui WO
Int. J. Oncol. 52 (1) 55-66 [2018-01-00; online 2017-11-10]
Ovarian germ cell tumors (OGCTs) and sex cord stromal tumors (SCSTs) are rare gynecologic tumors that are derived from germ and stromal cells, respectively. Unlike their epithelial counterparts, molecular pathogenesis of these tumor types is still poorly understood. Here, we characterized microRNA (miRNA) expression profiles of 9 OGCTs (2 malignant and 7 benign) and 3 SCSTs using small RNA sequencing. We observed significant miRNA expression variations among the three tumor groups. To further demonstrate the biological relevance of our findings, we selected 12 miRNAs for validation in an extended cohort of 16 OGCTs (9 benign and 7 malignant) and 7 SCSTs by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Higher expression of miR‑373‑3p, miR‑372‑3p and miR‑302c‑3p and lower expression of miR‑199a‑5p, miR‑214‑5p and miR‑202‑3p were reproducibly observed in malignant OGCTs as compared to benign OGCTs or SCSTs. Comparing with benign OGCTs, miR‑202c‑3p and miR‑513c‑5p were more abundant in SCSTs. Additionally, we examined Beclin 1 (BECN1), a target of miR‑199a‑5p, in the clinical samples using western blot analysis. Our results show that BECN1 expression was higher in malignant OGCTs than benign OGCTs, which is concordant with their lower miR‑199a‑5p expression. This study suggests that these miRNAs may have potential value as tumor markers and implications for further understanding the molecular basis of these tumor types.