Bergman S, Estrada S, Hall H, Rahman R, Blomgren A, Larhed M, Svedberg M, Thibblin A, Wångsell F, Antoni G
J Labelled Comp Radiopharm 57 (8) 525-532 [2014-06-30; online 2014-07-03]
The cholinergic system is involved in neurodegenerative diseases, and visualization of cholinergic innervations with positron emission tomography (PET) would be a useful tool in understanding these diseases. A ligand for the vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT), acknowledged as a marker for cholinergic neurons, could serve as such a PET tracer. The aim was to find a VAChT PET tracer using a library concept to create a small but diverse library of labeled compounds. From the same precursor and commercially available aryl iodides 6a-f, six potential VAChT PET tracers, [(11)C]-(±)5a-f, were (11)C-labeled by a palladium (0)-mediated aminocarbonylation, utilizing a standard protocol. The labeled compounds [(11)C]-(±)5a-f were obtained in radiochemical purities >95% with decay-corrected radiochemical yields and specific radioactivities between 4-25% and 124-597 GBq/µmol, respectively. Autoradiography studies were then conducted to assess the compounds binding selectivity for VAChT. Labeled compounds [(11)C]-(±)5d and [(11)C]-(±)5e showed specific binding but not enough to permit further preclinical studies. To conclude, a general method for a facile synthesis and labeling of a small piperazine-based library of potential PET tracers for imaging of VAChT was shown, and in upcoming work, another scaffold will be explored using this approach.