Clonal Hematopoiesis of Indeterminate Potential Predicts Adverse Outcomes in Patients With Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease.

Gumuser ED, Schuermans A, Cho SMJ, Sporn ZA, Uddin MM, Paruchuri K, Nakao T, Yu Z, Haidermota S, Hornsby W, Weeks LD, Niroula A, Jaiswal S, Libby P, Ebert BL, Bick AG, Natarajan P, Honigberg MC

J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 81 (20) 1996-2009 [2023-05-23; online 2023-05-18]

Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP)-the age-related clonal expansion of blood stem cells with leukemia-associated mutations-is a novel cardiovascular risk factor. Whether CHIP remains prognostic in individuals with established atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) is less clear. This study tested whether CHIP predicts adverse outcomes in individuals with established ASCVD. Individuals aged 40 to 70 years from the UK Biobank with established ASCVD and available whole-exome sequences were analyzed. The primary outcome was a composite of ASCVD events and all-cause mortality. Associations of any CHIP (variant allele fraction ≥2%), large CHIP clones (variant allele fraction ≥10%), and the most commonly mutated driver genes (DNMT3A, TET2, ASXL1, JAK2, PPM1D/TP53 [DNA damage repair genes], and SF3B1/SRSF2/U2AF1 [spliceosome genes]) with incident outcomes were compared using unadjusted and multivariable-adjusted Cox regression. Of 13,129 individuals (median age: 63 years) included, 665 (5.1%) had CHIP. Over a median follow-up of 10.8 years, any CHIP and large CHIP at baseline were associated with adjusted HRs of 1.23 (95% CI: 1.10-1.38; P < 0.001) and 1.34 (95% CI: 1.17-1.53; P < 0.001), respectively, for the primary outcome. TET2 and spliceosome CHIP, especially large clones, were most strongly associated with adverse outcomes (large TET2 CHIP: HR: 1.89; 95% CI: 1.40-2.55; P <0.001; large spliceosome CHIP: HR: 3.02; 95% CI: 1.95-4.70; P < 0.001). CHIP is independently associated with adverse outcomes in individuals with established ASCVD, with especially high risks observed in TET2 and SF3B1/SRSF2/U2AF1 CHIP.

Abhishek Niroula

DDLS Fellow

PubMed 37197843

DOI 10.1016/j.jacc.2023.03.401

Crossref 10.1016/j.jacc.2023.03.401

mid: NIHMS1902366
pmc: PMC10249057
pii: S0735-1097(23)05158-6

Publications 9.5.0