Reuterswärd P, Gantelius J, Andersson Svahn H
Analyst 140 (21) 7327-7334 [2015-11-07; online 2015-09-15]
Reverse phase microarrays are useful tools for affinity-based detection in hundreds of samples simultaneously. However, current methods typically require long assay times and fluorescent detection. Here we describe a paper-based Vertical Flow Microarray (VFM) assay as a rapid 8-minute colorimetric alternative for reverse phase microarray analysis. The VFM platform was optimized for detection of IgE with a detection limit of 1.9 μg mL(-1) in whole serum. Optimized conditions were then used to screen 113 serum samples simultaneously for hyper IgE syndrome (hIgE), a rare primary immunodeficiency characterized by elevated levels of IgE. The same set of samples were then analysed with a conventional planar microarray with fluorescent detection for head-to-head testing. Both assays found elevated levels in three out of four hIgE patient samples, whereas no control samples displayed elevated levels in either method. The comparison experiments showed a good correlation between the two assays, as determined from a linear correlation study (Pearson's r = 0.76). Further, the assay-time reduction and reproducibility (intra assay CV = 12.4 ± 4.11%) demonstrate the applicability of the VFM platform for high throughput reverse phase screening.