Yang H, Lyutvinskiy Y, Soininen H, Zubarev RA
J. Alzheimers Dis. 27 (1) 113-118 [2011-07-19; online 2011-07-19]
Increased levels of isoaspartyl residues (isoAsp) have previously been found in proteins of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains and in blood proteins of patients suffering from uremia, the disease sharing common pathological features with AD. One can hypothesize that higher levels of isoAsp should be present in blood proteins of AD patients. Also, because of higher AD prevalence in females, they can be expected to have higher level of isoAsp than males. Here we modified our recently developed proteome-wide isoAsp analysis approach for testing these hypotheses. Eight blood plasma samples pooled from 218 individuals suffering from either mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or AD were analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry using electron transfer dissociation. Based on specific fragmentation pattern of isoAsp, the healthy controls were found to contain lower level of isoAsp compared with age-matched MCI and AD patients (p = 0.03). This result was further validated (p = 0.05) by 96 individual sample analyses, giving the combined value of p ≈ 0.01. Female pooled samples were found to contain higher level of isoAsp than male in both pooled and individual samples, with overall p ≈ 0.01. These findings verify the above hypotheses, and provide protein candidates for further investigation of the link between isoAsp and AD.