S100A4 interacts with p53 in the nucleus and promotes p53 degradation.

Orre LM, Panizza E, Kaminskyy VO, Vernet E, Gräslund T, Zhivotovsky B, Lehtiö J

Oncogene 32 (49) 5531-5540 [2013-12-05; online 2013-06-10]

S100A4 is a small calcium-binding protein that is commonly overexpressed in a range of different tumor types, and it is widely accepted that S100A4 has an important role in the process of cancer metastasis. In vitro binding assays has shown that S100A4 interacts with the tumor suppressor protein p53, indicating that S100A4 may have additional roles in tumor development. In the present study, we show that endogenous S100A4 and p53 interact in complex samples, and that the interaction increases after inhibition of MDM2-dependent p53 degradation using Nutlin-3A. Further, using proximity ligation assay, we show that the interaction takes place in the cell nucleus. S100A4 knockdown experiments in two p53 wild-type cell lines, A549 and HeLa, resulted in stabilization of p53 protein, indicating that S100A4 is promoting p53 degradation. Finally, we demonstrate that S100A4 knockdown leads to p53-dependent cell cycle arrest and increased cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Thus, our data add a new layer to the oncogenic properties of S100A4 through its inhibition of p53-dependent processes.

Affiliated researcher

PubMed 23752197

DOI 10.1038/onc.2013.213

Crossref 10.1038/onc.2013.213

pii: onc2013213

Publications 9.5.0